Nowadays you can buy almost everything that is necessary for construction, including stairs, as a whole, and separate parts for its assembly. But it is much more pleasant to make it yourself according to your own drawings. Besides such design precisely will not be at anybody.

When you decide to make a staircase to the second floor of your house, you have to think it over carefully. A staircase is a rather complicated structure, as it seems at first sight. Considering them, you will be assured of safety and reliability of the given design.

Stair types

Stairs for private house, summer cottages and multi-level apartments are divided into views by design features:

The march is divided into single, double and multi-level apartments. There are also variants with a platform, direct and with steps of foreign, turned on 90, 180 and 360 degrees. Steps that have the form of a trapeze are called race steps.

  • Screwed, or spiral. Steps in this configuration are twisted along an axis.
  • Combined is a combination of the previous two in different versions.

The view of the stairs in your home should be chosen depending on the area of the room where it will be, its layout, functionality, financial capacity and your imagination.

A straight single-trip staircase is considered to be a simpler and easier option to produce. It does not require complicated calculations, its installation is simple, and this design is more reliable and comfortable. But it has a significant disadvantage: it requires a lot of space for installation.

Anyway, the best way to make the right calculations is to use a stair calculator that can show the sizes of all parts.

If you do not have enough space, reducing its size is unacceptable, which will reduce the comfort and safety of the product. A two-way staircase or more will be the way out of this situation.

Dividing one march into two or more, changing the direction of the marches to the opposite or perpendicular, you will save a lot of space used under it. You can use a room corner for its installation and place it against a wall, which will be more practical. Ideal if you initially provide a special place at the design stage of the building – a staircase.

Straight staircase, consisting of several marches, is different by changing the direction of movement. For example, the spans are separated by a transition in the form of a horizontal platform or they can be connected by a curvilinear piece changing the direction by means of foreign steps.

A staircase with a section of foreign steps makes the interior of the room more attractive. Thanks to the reversal, the product wins in size. Such a design is of course harder to design, calculate, assemble, it is less safe and comfortable to use than a staircase with a transition area.

Spiral staircase can be placed on a minimum area, and it will look very elegant. This design is not comfortable enough in operation and has a rather low level of safety, and large-sized things can not be lifted on it.

It is much more difficult to make, mount, for it requires a more accurate calculation. It will be rather difficult for a non-professional to produce complex structural parts without additional equipment and knowledge.

The combined designs represent numerous variants from two previous kinds, can have very difficult configuration. It will be difficult to calculate and produce them yourself without proper education and experience.

The frame for such stairs is divided into three types:

  • on stringer – the frame is made of 1 or 2 beams, on which the steps are placed;
  • on the bowstring are two supporting beams on which the steps are attached;
  • on bolts (translated from German – pin) – the steps are attached directly to the wall.

Where to place it?

Choose the easiest option – a straight single-arm staircase, most often the size of the room does not allow. It is necessary to choose more difficult variants.